Garbage classification, what does Hangzhou learn from Shanghai?

2019-07-03 09:26:32 冠淇科技

On July 1, the "Regulations on the Management of Domestic Waste in Shanghai" was officially implemented. This regulation is also known as the "most strict" waste sorting regulation in history. It has already triggered extensive public discussion on the Internet. According to the introduction of the Shanghai Urban Management Law Enforcement Bureau, on the same day, the city's urban management law enforcement departments issued a total of 623 rectification orders.


The reason why the promotion of garbage classification in Shanghai has become a "net red" issue is to move the real thing. In the case of refining and strengthening all aspects of garbage sorting, everyone feels the urgency of garbage sorting, and I realized that this initiative is really related to my own interests.


In fact, after years of publicity, the vast majority of the people have a strong sense of identity with the garbage classification, and are willing to actively classify. However, the fact is that in many places, there are no classification conditions. For example, some places do not classify garbage bins, or even if there is such a classified garbage bin, when collecting and transporting, another brain is falling together; for example, Although some places are promoting waste sorting, they say that they are doing much less and lacking corresponding supervision and management mechanisms. In the long run, the people naturally faded.


Garbage classification is a systematic project. Whether it is the classification of the front end, the transportation in the middle, or the sorting in the back, which part has a problem, it may affect the classification effect. This time, Shanghai presses the express train key of garbage sorting. The biggest feature is that it is "completely strict", not only in the whole field, but also in the whole process, without leaving a dead end. As a pioneer in crossing the river, the experience of Shanghai is undoubtedly worth learning in other cities including Hangzhou.


In fact, in addition to the "Regulations" that sparked hot debates, the legal and regulatory mechanisms for waste sorting have been strengthened. In the early days, Shanghai has also done a lot of basic work. For example, before the implementation of the "Regulations", Shanghai has completed 13,000 classified placement points, with a completion rate of 75%, and updated more than 40,000 road waste bins. The collection and transportation system for garbage sorting has basically been established. This is actually a problem that must be solved in Hangzhou at the moment. At present, there are still problems such as insufficient garbage collection points, domestic garbage collection container connection sites, collection facilities and other supporting facilities, and unidentified collection containers. This needs to be improved before the subsequent promotion of garbage classification.


In terms of propaganda, Shanghai can be described as “all-people mobilization”. For example, a large number of volunteers were recruited in the early stage, standing next to the trash can to guide and supervise the garbage classification of residents, almost to the point of one bucket with two people; At the time of the formulation of the plan, the grassroots organizations will take the lead, and the neighborhood committees, the property and the industry committee will communicate together. This will not only form a situation of participation, but also avoid the phenomenon of “one size fits all”. In fact, how to adapt to local conditions, to facilitate the people, and to make the people more acceptable is the key point for the final classification of waste. The practice in Shanghai is that each community can be different, and even different time periods, such as summer and winter, can be different. Hangzhou can undoubtedly follow suit. Under the guidance of the government, the communities actively explored the classified management service model of domestic waste that meets their own characteristics and created various demonstrations and templates.


In addition, how is the garbage divided? In fact, this is a pain point and a difficult point. From the current process of implementation in Shanghai, the main controversy is also here. It is more detailed, and it is difficult to implement on the one hand, which affects the enthusiasm of the residents. However, if it is too thick, it may not be classified. For the setting of the delivery time, it must be more humanized, taking into account the actual situation of different regions and different groups of people. These problems are undoubtedly the problems that the follow-up cities, including Hangzhou, should pay attention to and think about in advance.